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When a male's scrotum fills with fluid and enlarges, it becomes a hydrocele. Although it is not a serious health concern, it can be awkward and uncomfortable. Male new-borns are more likely than adult males to have hydroceles. The testicles do not get any harm from hydroceles. They are painless and disappear without treatment. However, if swelling and pain continue in the scrotum area, surgery can be recommended.
A surgical procedure that removes or repairs a hydrocele is called a Hydrocelectomy. A hydrocele is a fluid-filled sac surrounding the testicles which it causes swelling or discomfort in the scrotum. When both the testicles have hydroceles, then the doctor may suggest a bilateral Hydrocelectomy.
Hydroceles can cause discomfort as they are present in a sensitive part of the body. Many a time they are painless, and can get improved without treatment.
A hydrocele can start growing when the baby is still unborn. The testicles grow inside the belly and then move downwards into the scrotum through a short tunnel. A sac of fluid goes with each testicle. Usually, the tunnel and sac seal off before birth and the fluid is absorbed by the baby’s body. When this process doesn’t go as it should, the baby can get a hydrocele when it is born.
It occurs when the sac closes normally, but the baby doesn’t absorb the fluid inside.
It occurs when the sac doesn’t get a seal. With this type, the scrotum gets swelled over time.
Babies born prematurely are more likely to have a hydrocele.
Avoid strenuous exercises or yoga exercises which can put pressure on the scrotum and increase discomfort.
The surgery doesn’t pain as the patient is under general or local anesthesia before the procedure. This ensures no sensations in the surgical site and the patient doesn't feel any kind of pain or discomfort.
The cost of the surgery depends upon:
Severity of condition
Choice of hospital
The hydrocele treatment is covered under insurance. Talk to our HospiOne Team for more detailed information.
Recurrence of the hydrocele
Processed foods that contain excess salt & sugar
Junk foods – pizza, burgers, fries
Spicy and heavy foods
Proper prenatal care
Wear protection during sports like athletic cups
Avoid activities that put pressure on the scrotum like horse riding
Treat cough properly as it creates excess intraabdominal pressure and put pressure on the scrotal area
If a communicating hydrocele does not go away on its own and is not treated, it can lead to an inguinal hernia. In this condition, part of the intestine or intestinal fat pushes through an opening (inguinal canal) in the groin area.
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