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The medical specialty of urology focuses on understanding the workings of and conditions affecting the urinary system. Urologists are medical professionals with a focus on urology. They can identify the diseases that affect both male and female urinary tract systems.
The term Urology specifically deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract (kidneys, ureter, bladder, and urethra). It also deals with the male reproductive organs (Penis, Testes, Prostate, Scrotum). Urologic health is crucial since illnesses in these body components can affect everybody.
The healthcare providers who diagnose and treat diseases of the urinary tract in both men and women are called Urologists.
Kidneys: Organs that filter out the waste out of the body to produce urine
Ureter: The tubes through which urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder
Urethra: The tube through which urine travels from the bladder out of the body
Bladder: Hollow sac where the urine is stored
Adrenal glands: Located on top of the kidneys that release hormones
Penis: The organ that releases urine and carries sperm out of the body
Prostate: The gland underneath the bladder that adds fluid to sperm to produce semen
Testicles: The two oval organs inside the scrotum that produces testosterone and sperms
Urologic conditions include urinary tract infection, kidney stones, bladder control problems, and prostate problems.
Urologists may perform a variety of urology procedures to treat and diagnose urologic conditions:
The commonest urologic surgical procedures are:
The term "Urodynamics" describes the urinary tract's processes. Testing may be carried out to ascertain how the urethra, bladder, and voiding of urine are all operating in harmony.
Pain while urinating is the main symptom of urinary tract infection or prostate along with obstructions in the urethra, kidney, and bladder.
Blood in the urine may have a modest cause or be a sign of a major underlying medical issue. An extensive evaluation will be carried out by a urologist to ascertain the source. A urinary tract infection, kidney or bladder stones, malignancy, or an injury could all be the cause of the blood.
Urination frequency varied from person to person, but, a healthy person urinates 4 to 8 times a day.
When the supporting tissues become weak, structures like the bladder or rectum may bulge or protrude into the vaginal wall, leading to vaginal or pelvic prolapse.
Kidney stones may cause severe pain in the back, side, abdomen, groin, or genitals that increases in waves then there could be possible chances of having a kidney stone. Other symptoms may include nausea and vomiting, presence of blood in urine, frequent urination, and painful urination.
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