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The two disciplines of medical science that focus on the female reproduction system - are Gynecology and Obstetrics. Gynecology covers treating women who are not pregnant, whereas Obstetrics deals with pregnancy care and all procedures and complications that go along with it.
Gynecology includes both the medical and surgical sciences. Cancers,Uterine fibroids, etc. must be surgically removed, whereas many gynecological disorders require hormonal and other pharmacological therapy. Gynecologists are medical professionals that specialize in this area of medicine. They are skilled in treating a wide range of gynecological diseases, including irregular periods,PCOS,PCOD, vaginal/urinary infections, abortion, ovarian cysts, uterine health complications, and uterine prolapse.
Infertility is a speciality in Gynecology. Both male and female infertility,IVF,IUI conditions are treated.
Gynecologists make use of various diagnostic and curative techniques. The following are a few of the common gynecological procedures:
A gynecologist is an expert in looking after a woman's reproductive health from the start of her first menstruation until post-menopause. A gynecologist diagnoses and treats any disorders affecting the reproductive system, including the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, or vagina.
A medical field specializing in pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period is called Obstetrics (OB)
A gynecologist performs various surgeries. Some of the commonest surgeries are:
A surgical procedure of removal of the uterus (womb) is called hysterectomy.
The separation of the uterus through keyholes in the abdominal wall and removal of the uterus through the birth canal is called Laparoscopic Hysterectomy
Visualization of the endometrial cavity using an endoscope is called Hysteroscopy.
On the other hand, Laparoscopy is the visualization of the abdominal cavity i.e. peritoneal cavity with an endoscope to find out:
A pregnancy that develops outside the uterus is called an ectopic pregnancy. The various common sites to develop pregnancy are:
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