A Biopsy is a sample of tissue taken from the body to examine it more closely. A doctor should recommend a biopsy when an initial test suggests an area of tissue in the body isn't normal.

Biopsies are usually done to either confirm or rule out suspicion of cancer. Biopsies are also performed to diagnose other causes of the symptoms including, 

  • Inflammatory disorders, such as in the kidney or the liver.
  • Infections, such as Tuberculosis.
  • Immune disorders, such as chronic pancreatitis.
  • Determine a lump in the breast
  • White patches on the body
  • Lymph node

A biopsy is also done to see if you’re a match for an organ transplant. If you’ve received an organ transplant, a biopsy is done to make sure your body isn’t rejecting it.


  • Skin biopsy
  • Needle biopsy
  • CT-guided biopsy
  • Ultrasound biopsy
  • Bone biopsy
  • Endoscopic or laparoscopic biopsy
  • Liver biopsy
  • Kidney biopsy
  • Prostate biopsy 
  • Surgical biopsy
  • Bone marrow Biopsy

Symptoms of Biopsy

  • Swelling or redness at the biopsy site
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting


During and after the biopsy procedure, you may have mild pain, bruising, and bleeding at the biopsy site. Occasionally these complications are significant. Severe bleeding rarely occurs and may need treatment with a surgical procedure.

  • Bleeding
  • Pain
  • Infection
  • Soreness at the biopsy site
  • An infection at the biopsy site

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Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, Biopsy is done to confirm a cancer diagnosis and identify the type of the tumor. In recent times, Biopsies as compared to other testing options have a higher accuracy rate. 

You may need to keep your wound dry for around one week to 10 days. Avoid lifting heavy things and avoid exercising.

At least for 3 days:

  • Do not lift anything heavier
  • Do not indulge in heavy strenuous activities
  • Do not bathe, swim or soak underwater. You may take shower after 24 hours after the biopsy

A small amount of anesthetic numbs the skin, allowing the procedure almost painless. Thus, there is mild to no pain during the biopsy. 

This applies to laparoscopic abdominal biopsy. Immediately after the procedure, the patient may experience bloating and gas because of the air pumped into the stomach and esophagus. Gas and pressure generally pass quickly. A person may also feel a slight soreness in the throat after a biopsy. 

You should take rest for one day after the breast biopsy. You will be able to resume normal working activities within a day.

Rest as much as you can in the next day or two. Limit using the body part, if this is possible. Avoid vigorous exercise and lifting heavy objects.

Generally, after a patient receives positive biopsy results, his or her doctors will need to proceed with staging the malignancy— which essentially means determining the extent of the cancer and further developing a treatment plan based on how far the cancer has progressed.

Many insurance companies provide coverage for Biopsy Surgery after a period of few years. Our HospiOne Team can guide you perfectly in this scenario.

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